Volunteers in Petersburg and several other Southeast communities are taking a tally of the region’s bat population for the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. The agency launched the project in 2014, and has been racing against the clock to get accurate data before a deadly bat disease reaches Alaska. Ari Snider participated in the survey and has this report.
These surveys begin precisely 45 minutes past sunset. Which, in late June in Southeast Alaska, means we start our route at around 10:30 PM. I team up with Sunny Rice, a Marine Advisory Agent with the Alaska Sea Grant, and head out Mitkof Highway.
At the beginning of the route, which will take us down dirt logging roads for more than an hour, we attach a magnetic cylindrical recording device to the roof the car, running the wire into a handheld GPS tracker. The survey relies on the recorder to take an acoustic snapshot of the bats, which use high frequency sound to navigate and hunt for prey. Fish and Game then compiles all the snapshots to get a bigger picture of the region’s bat population.
With our own Batmobile complete, Rice and I set off down the logging road, winding through National Forest land in the middle section of Mitkof Island, hoping to hear some bats.
Tory Rhoads, the Fish and Game biologist overseeing the survey, says the main objective right now is to find the caves where the bats roost for the winter. Partly, that’s to better monitor for white-nose syndrome, a fungal disease that affects roosting bats.
“And since we only know of ten bat over-wintering roosts in the whole state, it’s really hard for us to monitor for white-nose syndrome,” Rhoads said. “Which is why one of the key things we’re focusing on is locating more of these areas.”
White-nose syndrome has decimated bat populations across the country. So far the disease has not reached Alaska, but it is creeping westward and several cases have turned up in Washington State in recent years. Rhoads says the driving surveys will hopefully act as an early warning system if white-nose syndrome does arrive here.
“And if we were to see sharp declines in the number of calls conducted on surveys during times of the year we would expect a lot of activity that would be kind of a red flag for us and something we would investigate further,” she said.
Fish and Game’s monitoring project has been going on since 2014, and is currently active in seven Southeast communities. In Petersburg, all you need to do to sign up is stop by the library to fill out some paperwork and pick up a box of audio recording equipment.
Chris Weiss works at the library and is the local coordinator for the project. She says this year they’ve had less participation than they’ve had in the past.
“Part of the problem is that a lot of people who’ve done it in the past are just not in town, either any longer or this year they just have not been in town during the times that we’ve needed them,” Weiss said.
Out on the logging roads, Sunny Rice and I weren’t hearing any bats. We did, however, count about a dozen porcupines. Then, just as it I started wondering if we’d hear any bats at all, an unmistakable burst of echolocation clicks came through the speaker, slowed down and rendered audible to the human ear by the recording equipment. Soon, the calls were coming in left and right.
In the end we heard more than 30 bats, or so we think. As the project continues, Fish and Game’s Tory Rhoads said the next step is getting a general sense of where the bats overwinter. At that point, she says they hope to bring in scent-tracking dog teams to zero-in on the exact location of the roosting spots.
The survey is looking for driving volunteers in Petersburg through the end of November. For more information, stop by the library and ask for Chris Weiss.